For this bagpipe lesson we have two tunes which are appropriate for St. Andrews Day, St. Andrews Cross and Bruce's Address
The Flag of Scotland, (Scottish Gaelic: Bratach na h-Alba, Scots: Banner o Scotland), also known as St Andrew's Cross or the Saltire, is the national flag of Scotland. As the national flag, the Saltire, rather than the Royal Standard of Scotland, is the correct flag for all individuals and corporate bodies to fly in order to demonstrate both their loyalty and Scottish nationality. It is also, where possible, flown from Scottish Government buildings every day from 8am until sunset, with certain exceptions.
The legend surrounding Scotland's association with the Saint Andrew's Cross was related by Walter Bower and George Buchanan, who claimed that the flag originated in a
The St. Andrews Cross forms the background of the British Union flag
Pipe Major Alex Mathieson, 1st Bn. Royal Scots one of the leading competitive pipers at the turn of the century.
The Royal Scots have a great reputation for piping and have two famous pipe majors in their history. Alex Matheson who served with the 1st and 3rd battalions between 1889 and 1913, and G S Allan, who served with the 1st battalion from 1907 and 1919 and with the 2nd battalion from 1921 to 1930. Picture from The Royal Scots Pipe Music Book.
In St. Andrew's Cross: basically observe the good upbeat of each beat for the controlled rhythm. Obviously, there is plenty of time to have good clear/clean execution in such slow tunes. As usually, please use the audio file for more detail. There is no need to repeat parts in these two tunes.
In Bruce's Address (Scots Wha Hae), basically, in the two tied notes the dotted notes are a shade longer and the short notes a shade shorter than one might expect, without clipping. The pause mark ? denotes tasteful extra duration/feeling as in the demonstrations. The following two bars are relatively slightly slower. The execution is all very simple and should be easy enough for good clarity. The setting is very close to that in Robert Burns's song books I have - one very old 1892, and the other about the mid 1950s.
This Bruce's Address old melody was used by two famous classical/serious music composers: Hector Berlioz in his Rob Roy overture, and by Max Bruch in his Scottish Fantasy for violin and orchestra.
Click to download the tune notation for St. Andrews Cross & Bruce's Address
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