Home | Contact | Bagpipe Lessons | Bagpipe Tunes | Piob. Stories | Whats New

You Are Here:   >> >> St Andrews Cross & Bruce's Address

St Andrews Cross & Bruce's Address

For this bagpipe lesson we have two tunes which are appropriate for St. Andrews Day, St. Andrews Cross and Bruce's Address

The Flag of Scotland, (Scottish Gaelic: Bratach na h-Alba, Scots: Banner o Scotland), also known as St Andrew's Cross or the Saltire, is the national flag of Scotland. As the national flag, the Saltire, rather than the Royal Standard of Scotland, is the correct flag for all individuals and corporate bodies to fly in order to demonstrate both their loyalty and Scottish nationality. It is also, where possible, flown from Scottish Government buildings every day from 8am until sunset, with certain exceptions.

The legend surrounding Scotland's association with the Saint Andrew's Cross was related by Walter Bower and George Buchanan, who claimed that the flag originated in a 9th century battle, where Óengus II led a combined force of Picts and Scots to victory over the Angles, led by Æthelstan. Supposedly, a miraculous white saltire appeared in the blue sky and Óengus' troops were roused to victory by the omen. Consisting of a blue background over which is placed a white representation of an X-shaped cross, the Saltire is one of Scotland's most recognisable symbols. From Wikipedia

The St. Andrews Cross forms the background of the British Union flag


Pipe Major Alex Mathieson, 1st Bn. Royal Scots one of the leading competitive pipers at the turn of the century.

The Royal Scots have a great reputation for piping and have two famous pipe majors in their history. Alex Matheson who served with the 1st and 3rd battalions between 1889 and 1913, and G S Allan, who served with the 1st battalion from 1907 and 1919 and with the 2nd battalion from 1921 to 1930. Picture from The Royal Scots Pipe Music Book.

Lesson Pointers

In St. Andrew's Cross: basically observe the good upbeat of each beat for the controlled rhythm. Obviously, there is plenty of time to have good clear/clean execution in such slow tunes. As usually, please use the audio file for more detail. There is no need to repeat parts in these two tunes.

In Bruce's Address (Scots Wha Hae), basically, in the two tied notes the dotted notes are a shade longer and the short notes a shade shorter than one might expect, without clipping. The pause mark ? denotes tasteful extra duration/feeling as in the demonstrations. The following two bars are relatively slightly slower. The execution is all very simple and should be easy enough for good clarity. The setting is very close to that in Robert Burns's song books I have - one very old 1892, and the other about the mid 1950s.

This Bruce's Address old melody was used by two famous classical/serious music composers: Hector Berlioz in his “Rob Roy” overture, and by Max Bruch in his “Scottish Fantasy” for violin and orchestra.

Download The Music Notation.

Listen To Bill's Audio Instruction.

St. Andrews Cross
Pipe Major Bill Robertson's audio recording of the lesson for St. Andrews Cross
Bruce's Address
Pipe Major Bill Robertson's audio recording of the lesson for Bruce's Address

If you have any questions or comments, please use Contact Form to contact Bill.

Enjoy This Site?
Then why not use the button below, to add this sight to your favorite bookmarking service?

Beginners Bagpipe Tutorials

Interactive Beginners Bagpipe Tutorials

US$65.00 Incl. Shipping

Advanced Bagpipe TutorialsD

Interactive Advanced Bagpipe Tutorials

US$65.00 Incl. Shipping

Piobaireachd Technique Tutorials

Piobaireachd Technique Tutorial

US$75.00 Incl. Shipping

115 Piobaireachd Tutorials

115 Piobaireachd Tutorials

US$157.00 Incl. Shipping

> Copyright© 2004- All Rights Reserved